Notes, Lesson 3.2
The Product and Quotient Rules

We know that: The derivative of the difference of two functions is the difference of the derivatives of the two functions. This was called the Difference Rule, and it is from the previous lesson. We might guess that the same type of thing happens with products. Is it true that the product of the derivatives is equal to the derivative of the product? We see from the following example, however, that this does not work.

Example.

 f g Product Comments functions Here we have the two functions we have chosen, their product, and the derivative of the product. derivatives Here we have the two derivatives and their product. Notice that this is not equivalent to the cell above.

Definition.

 Product Rule The derivative of a product is the first function multiplied by the derivative of the second function plus the second function multiplied by the derivative of the first fuction. In symbols, this is shown below:

Now armed with the proper rule, let's finish our example from above.

 Here is our new product rule. On the left side we first multiply the two functions in preparation for differentiating in the next step. Differentiate the left side and simplify the right side. Finish simplifying the right side. Now we can see how the product rule is needed to differentiate a product.

Definition.

 Quotient Rule The derivative of a quotient is the denominator times the derivative of the numerator minus the numerator times the derivative of the denominator, all divided by the square of the denominator. In symbols, this is shown below:

Here again, there is no short cut intuitive method here. When you need tod ifferentiate a quotient of two functions, you must follow the quotient rule.

Example.

 Given sample problem. Here we use our new quotient rule. Do the products and simplify. Simplify further. This is our derivative.

 Check Concepts

 #1: True or False: The derivative of a product is the product of the derivatives. Choose One True False #2: True or False: The derivative of a difference is the difference of the derivatives. Choose One True False #3: True or False. The derivative of a quotient is the quotient of the derivatives. Choose One TrueFalse #4: The derivative of a variable to a power is the power multiplied by the variable.... Choose One To the power of one less than what it wasTo the first powerTo the zero power #5 True or False. The derivative of a sum is the sum of the derivatives. Choose One TrueFalse